Fast facts on fentanyl
The strength of Fentanyl, or its analogs, should be determined by forensic tests. Non-pharmaceutical fentanyl is sold as a powder. Or as tablets that mimic other, less potent opioids. Fentanyl can be swallowed, snorted, injected, or put on blotter paper and placed in the mouth. There has been a major rise in the supply of Fentanyl on the drug market. As a result of bulk manufacturing in China and on-line purchases, including purchases on the dark web. Fentanyl powder seizures ranged from milligrams to kilograms. The confiscated powder can be relatively pure or mixed with one or more drugs, including widely used cutting agents (such as mannitol, lactose, and paracetamol) as well as heroin and other opioids.
Here are some key points about fentanyl. More detail and supporting information is in the main article.
- Firstly, Fentanyl is a potent synthetic opioid that is very effective at relieving moderate-to-severe chronic pain.
- Oral formulations of fentanyl contain an amount of the drug that can be fatal to a child.
- The difference between a therapeutic dose and a deadly dose of fentanyl is very small.
- There are many illegal analogs and derivatives of fentanyl that are much stronger than the prescription version.
- Recreational users often use fentanyl as a substitute for heroin.
Medical uses for fentanyl include
- Anesthesia for patients undergoing heart surgery or for patients with poor heart function.
- Management of breakthrough cancer pain in patients who are already receiving opioid medication for underlying, persistent pain.
- Pain management in patients who have persistent, moderate-to-severe chronic pain requiring continuous, around-the-clock opioids.
- In patients who are already taking narcotic analgesics or who are already opioid-tolerant.
- in intravenously, intramuscularly, spinally, or as an epidural (into space at the bottom of the spinal cord).